From Sismano to Todi
Historical Todi was founded by the Umbri, an ancient Italic people, in the VIII/VII century B.C., with the name of Tutere. The name means "border", being the city located on the frontier with the Etruscan dominions. Almost all Todi's main medieval monuments (The Dome, the Palazzo del Capitano, the Palazzo del Priore and the Palazzo del Popolo ) front on the main square, Piazza del Popolo. This square is one of the most picturesque in Italy and is often used as a movie set. The outstanding gothic Duomo, dating back to the XII century, was probably erected over an ancient Roman building, probably a temple dedicated to Apollo. The Cathedral was almost completely rebuilt after a fire in 1190. It was built on a Latin cross plan, with a nave and two aisles. The medieval Palazzo dei Priori (The Prior's Palace) is located in the southern side of the square, facing the Cathedral. It was built in 1293 and later enlarged in 1334-1337, as seat of the Priori, the craft-guilds delegates. It later became the seat of the Gabellieri (tax collectors) and of the Papal governor. Il Palazzo del Capitano (The Captain's Palace) was built at the end of the XIII century, in Italian Gothic style. It was built on two levels: the first floor housed the Justice Hall (currently, seat of the Communal Council), while at the lower floor there were the Judges's offices. Today it houses the City Museum, with Etruscan, Roman and Medieval findings and remains: coins, pottery, frescoes and paintings from the XV to the XVIII century. The Lombard-Gothic Palazzo del Popolo (People's Palace) is one of the most ancient communal palaces in Italy. It comprises two great halls: the "Sala Grande Inferiore", or "Sala delle Pietre", and the "Sala Grande Superiore", housing the city's Art Gallery. The church of San Fortunato and the sparse ruins of a medieval fortress (Rocca) lie on the other crest of the hill on which the city is built. The church was built on a Palaeo-Christian temple (VII century) with two lion sculptures on the entrance portal.